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[동아연구소 초청강연회] Rendering Ethical? : Global Saemaul Undong and the Spirit of Korean Developmentalism

초청강연회
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sieas
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2018-10-13 11:56
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서강대 동아연구소는 국제한국학 선도센터와의 공동주최로 2018년 9월 28일 Jakkrit Sangkhamanee 선생님을 모시고 초청강연회를 개최하였습니다.

< Rendering Ethical? : Global Saemaul Undong and the Spirit of Korean Developmentalism>를 주제로 진행된 본 강연에서 jakkrit Snagkhamanee 선생님은 박정희 정권 당시의 라오스와 미얀마에 대한 한국의 정부개발원조계획과 새마을운동의 지역 개발 원조에 대한 내용을 설명해주었습니다. 본 행사에는 서강대 동아연구소 교수진을 비롯하여 동남아시아학 협동과정 대학원생, 서강대 국제한국학과 대학원생 등 다양한 참석자들이 참여하여 열띤 토론의 시간을 가졌습니다. 서강대학교 동아연구소는 지속적으로 동남아시아 연구자들과의 활발한 교류를 통해 다양한 학문적 토론의 장을 마련할 예정입니다. 앞으로도 많은 관심과 참여 바랍니다. 제목: Rendering Ethical? : Global Saemaul Undong and the Spirit of Korean Developmentalism 발표자: Jakkrit Sangkhamanee

소속: Faculty of Political Science Chulalongkorn University, Thailand

초록: This talk is a reflection based on research, a work-inprogress, on the role of Korean ODA and Saemaul Undong (SMU) projects in development intervention outside Korea. Based on case studies in Laos and Myanmar, I look into the processes of transfer and implementation of Korean’s experience in rural development, dated back to the authoritarian regime of Park Chung-Hee, and argue for the distinctiveness of Korean development intervention, characterised by the strong imposition of Saemaul Undong spirits onto local authorities and communities in recipient countries. I argue that, while the Korean’s rural development program, like other donors', seems to render complex development issues technical, examining its implementation at the ground reveals a much more nuanced aspect of ethical re-education and enforcement.

The anti-politics machine of Korean’s rural intervention, as the cases illustrate, operates by reposing political questions not only in technical but also in ethical terms. The hybridization of the technical and ethical intervention is done through a series of well-crafted curriculum and activities at the SMU training centers and carried out in daily life through community development operations and evaluation. Seeing not unlike a state, this process of rendering ethical through technical intervention in livelihood improvement operations, eventually, help to reinforce state apparatus in controlling and turning the citizen into a desirable subject. This, therefore, allows the Korean’s ODA and its developmentalism to be able to work well with, and integrate into, authoritarian development regimes where the states seek to establish their power and regulation onto local agencies and communities.